The Important Bits
Cryptocurrency wallets fall into two different categories: unscrewed and escrowed.
Escrowed wallets incorporate the rules of cryptocurrency exchanges such as Kraken and Coinbase, where a third zone controls your private key (and therefore your cryptocurrency); non-escrowed wallets, such as the BitPay wallet, allow the user to access only their private key and therefore have full control over their assets.
The trade-off between escrowed and non-escrowed wallets is that escrowed wallets generally have the least liability for cryptocurrency security compared to the most direct control.
There are many different types of cryptocurrency wallets, but they can be divided into two main categories: escrowed and non-escrowed wallets.
If you use cryptocurrencies regularly, you’ve probably come across cryptocurrency wallets. However, cryptocurrency wallets are not like ordinary wallets that store plastic cards or money.
Cryptocurrency wallets often mistakenly accept the user’s cryptocurrency storage. It is simply a mechanism that allows users to access funds on the blockchain and facilitates cryptocurrency transactions.
We will tell you the difference between these two types of cryptocurrency wallets and whether the functionality of one or the other is right for you.
What is the difference between a custodial and a non-custodial wallet?
If I talk about, whether a wallet unit is considered custodial or non-custodial, in the very process it is not the resources in the cryptocurrency user’s account that become the custodian, but the private source needed to gain access to his crypto-assets.
The department of a custodial wallet (for example, Coinbase or Kraken) keeps the private source, for this reason, it is the one that corresponds because of the security of the user’s money.
A non-custodial wallet (also known as a wallet for independent preservation), on the contrary, gives users full control over the private source, and together with it the absolute responsibility for the security of their own money.
What is a custodial wallet?
Custodial wallets are almost always web-based and are usually provided by centralized cryptocurrency exchanges such as Coinbase.
The interface of most exchanges is designed in such a way that users do not even need to interact directly with the wallet.
Because of this ease of use, custodial wallets are usually preferred by beginners who find it very convenient not to manage their private keys.
In addition, with custodial wallets, you don’t have to worry about losing or having your password and losing access to your funds.
In many cases, providers and exchanges can reset the password simply by asking a few security questions.
If the owner of a non-custodial wallet loses his private key, his funds may not be recovered.
When using a custodial wallet, the user initiates transactions through the chosen platform and selects the wallet address to which they wish to transfer funds.
The custodian of the private key (in this case, the cryptocurrency exchange) must “sign” the transaction with the private key to confirm that it was executed correctly.
Stored wallets are usually easily connected to decentralized applications (dApps) and financial opportunities such as steak farming.
Another problem associated with stored wallets is theft. Exchanges are notorious private key holders, and because their services are provided online, they are a constant target for hackers.
As a result, cybercriminals lose billions of dollars every year. If private key exchanges go bankrupt, they could even lose their funds to government seizure.
Using a stored wallet requires a great deal of trust in the organization, which underscores the importance of doing your homework and using only trusted exchanges.
Part of this process includes finding out if the exchange is regulated, how they store their private keys, and whether they are insured.
The BitPay app allows you to connect to a Coinbase account without the need to store and manage your cryptocurrency and protect your private keys without having to use all the benefits of a wallet.
What is a non-custodial wallet?
There is an adage in the cryptocurrency world: “If it’s not your key, it’s not your cryptocurrency”.
In essence, this means that the owner of a private key is the only true, verifiable owner of the funds in the respective wallet.
Some cryptocurrency users say that this means that users of escrow wallets do not actually “own” the cryptocurrency because they have no control over the private key.
Unmanaged wallets tend to be a bit more technically complex than stored value wallets, so inexperienced cryptocurrency users prefer to use unmanaged wallets.
Some unmanaged wallets work through a browser, but there are several other types as well.
Software wallets store and encrypt private keys on your computer’s hard drive, but the most secure type is a hardware wallet.
Hardware wallets are similar to flash drives and can only be used on the Internet when connected to a computer or mobile device.
The signing of transactions with a private key takes place on the device itself and is sent to the blockchain for confirmation only after it returns to the network.
In this way, vault less Hardware Wallet is practically unprotected from hackers.
No-deposit wallets give users the freedom to be their own bankers, but this comes with a lot of responsibility.
If you forget your account password with the hosting wallet providers, you can recover it with a few emails and, in some cases, authentication.
However, losing your hardware wallet or private key can leave you without access to your funds.
Fortunately, many providers of non-wallet data storage services provide users with a recovery phrase or “start phrase”.
This phrase consists of 12-24 random words and serves as a backup method to recover passwords even if the wallet is lost, deleted, or destroyed.
However, this phrase should be handled with the same care as a private key. This is the biggest drawback of non-private key wallets.
If the private key, wallet, or initial passphrase is lost, the funds cannot be recovered.
Which should you choose?
Whether you choose a non-custodial or custodial type of cryptocurrency wallet depends largely on what features are most important to you. Custodial wallets are usually preferred by beginners and users who want a “set it and forget it” approach to managing cryptocurrencies through an exchange or other centralized wallet provider.
Non-custodial wallets are designed for users who want more control over who has access to their funds.
Both wallets have their pros and cons, so before making a decision, evaluate your comfort level and the features that are most important to you.
Also consider the benefits each wallet offers, such as cryptocurrency debit and credit cards, betting options, cashback rewards, and supported coins.
Is BitPay a trustless wallet?
Yes, BitPay Wallet is a mobile cryptocurrency wallet that allows users to easily buy, store, exchange, and spend their cryptocurrencies through a single easy-to-use platform.
Security features such as multi-sig and extra key encryption provide peace of mind that your digital assets are safe. BitPay Wallet allows users to easily manage their assets across multiple platforms, including easy integration with your Coinbase account.
Are Coinbase, Kraken and Crypto.com wallets non-custodial?
Most exchanges are custodial services. Some, such as Coinbase, offer separate apps for non-custodial wallets.
Familiarity of popular exchanges can make all the difference in choosing the right wallet if you’re already comfortable using a particular exchange.
How do I create a non-custodial wallet?
Creating a new non-custodial wallet in the BitPay app is quick and easy.
First, be sure to back up your 12-word recovery phrase: if you lose this phrase, you won’t be able to access your funds if your device is lost or stolen.
- Open the BitPay app and tap the wallet icon at the bottom of the screen.
- Tap “Get Started” and enable the cryptocurrencies you want to create wallets for. (Don’t forget that if you want to create wallets for ERC20 tokens, you’ll need to create an Ethereum wallet to cover the gas fee).
- Scroll down to the bottom and click “Create.”
- Read the prompts and click “I got it.”
- Choose a strong password or set one later. Do not forget this password.